ArticleA REVIEW ON: MOSQUITO REPELLENT METHODS CONTAINING DIFFERENT ESSENTIAL OILS
Pawankumar Rai * ,
Pawankumar Rai *
Mosquito borne illnesses such as dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, malaria and japanese B encephalitis causing millions of deaths every year. Personal protection from mosquito bites and mosquito control are currently the most important measures to be taken to prevent these diseases. To overcome all these, mosquito repellants are used. Essential oils from plants have been recognized as important natural resources of insecticides because of their selectiveness, biodegradability to non-toxic products and have few effects on non-target organisms and environment. Lactic acid and carbon dioxide present in sweat in warm- blooded animals act as an attractive substance for mosquitoes. The odor perception is through the chemoreceptors present in the antennae of the mosquitoes. Insect repellents work by masking human scent, a number of natural mosquito repellents including essential oils were studied in this review that work to repel mosquitoes. The essential oils are volatile mixtures of the hydrocarbons with a diversity of functional groups, and their repellent activity has been linked to the presence of mono - terpenes and sesquiterpenes. In some cases, these chemicals can work synergistically, improving their effectiveness. The aim of this review is to highlight the significance of essential oils from the plants and mosquito repellant methods implemented for them.
Mosquito Repellent, Essential Oils, Dengue, Chikungunya, Filariasis, Malaria and Japanese B Encephalitis